Monstrous_ Anthropocene Curriculum at HKW Berlin

Monsters are necessary and helpful to help us reveal and imagine the strangeness of the present. Monstrous occurrences rely on a visual translation to make the sublime tangible. In the affect of shudder and awe we begin to sense and feel something that would otherwise remain abstract and distant to us. One can begin to trace a tradition of projecting these abstract condition and circumstances with the help of monsters. The creation of monsters can be understood as an established and successful cultural technique; two quite different examples.

A) Maas Monster > Maastrichtian

1770 in the limestone quarries along the Maas River Valley a skull-head with sharp teeth was found measuring 3 meters. No one had seen anything close to this before and it was soon named the “Maas-Monster”. Over a scientific learning curve of decades the archaeological

artifacts of the giant predator were identified. The sea-reptile turned out to be critical indicator for a geological period to be named Maastrichtian; dating the limestone strata around the region of today’s Maastricht as 66 million years old sea-floor.


B) Frankenstein’s Monster

The novel of Frankenstein’s Monster was first written by author Mary Shelley in 1823 – it was not very popular then. Only later when people felt the repercussions of modernization, they began to reflect their own existence to be subject of the larger lab experiment of modernity. Critical to the understanding of the drama is that Frankenstein’s Monster suffered most form a lack of empathy of his creator – if only the Doc had cared more …


Monsters are not an end but a means to begin an approximation to the otherwise incomprehensible present. This development can be understood as domestication of the monstrous. While in the Maastrichtian the Monster remains an unseen exotic alien sea-predator, Frankenstein’s Monster is already living with us as our own artifact of cohabitation.

The next step for us to imagine the Anthropocene will be reflecting our own nature and consequently ourselves as monstrous at first, as a necessary step in overcoming and cultivating the monster in us and developing a sense of empathy to our creation as well as co-creatures. 

Jorg Sieweke, 2014

Published by: paradoXcity

Jorg Sieweke practices as a licensed landscape architect and urban designer in Berlin. Since 2009, he directs the design-research initiative paradoXcity. In 2020 he started a position as Associate Professor to conceive and conduct a new master program in "Landscape architecture for global sustainability" at Norwegian University of Life Science (NMBU), located at the Oslo Fjord. Before he held professorships at University of Virginia and was Visiting Professor at RWTH Aachen and HCU Hamburg in Germany. In 2015 he was resident fellow at Villa Massimo - the German Academy in Rome. ParadoXcity challenges convention of practice in landscape architecture to establish its own trajectory of a landscape & urbanism. With his PhD. (2015) he interrogates the implicit knowledge production in the design process.

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